What are pigmented lesions?
Almost everyone has a pigmented lesion of some type. A pigmented lesion is an area of the skin that has a high concentration of melanin. This high concentration of melanin is usually a result of age, sun exposure or congenital factors. Pigmented lesions are usually a cosmetic condition rather than a medical one and can differ in size, shape and colour.
How does laser work to remove pigmented lesions?
It is widely recognized that the Q Switched laser and particularly our high end equipment are ideal and effective tools at removing unwanted pigmented lesions and is considered the gold standard. The laser energy pulse, which is fractions of a second in duration, is fired at the pigment. The pigment then absorbs the laser energy causing it to break down. This releases the pigment into the skin so it can be reabsorbed and disposed of by the body’s natural defence mechanisms.
Types of Pigmented lesions that can be removed?
- Nevus of ota – a blue type hyperpigmentation that occurs on the face.
- Café au lait Birthmarks – are pigmented birthmarks, the name referring to their light brown color.
- Senile and Solar lentigines – or age spots/liver spots (brown spots) are hyper pigmented areas of skin that occur in irregular shapes, appearing most commonly in the sun exposed areas of the skin such as the face and the backs of the hands and arms.
- Freckles – small patches or spots of light brown colour on the skin, often becoming more pronounced through sun exposure.
- Seborrheic Keratosis – is a common skin disorder that is characterised by benign, painless, often wart like skin lesions that appear to be stuck on the skin. The raised spots are usually brown or yellow.
- Beckers naevus – is a form of birthmark. It usually appears around puberty as a hyper-pigmented patch , most often found on the upper trunk or shoulders.
- Nevus Spilus – is a benign melanocytic nevus with a speckled clinical appearance which may be congenital or acquired.
- Melasma – is a skin pigmentation disorder that can affect people from all backgrounds. It is however found and more common in those individuals with a darker skin typing. Melasma is a complex and difficult skin condition to treat. It can have negative influences on ones appearance and self-esteem but with the aid of our treatment it need not be like this.
What to expect?
Be aware that you can have minor scabbing in the treatment area for a few days to a few weeks post treatment. We recommend that you treat these with plain Vaseline and keep them covered until healed.
How long do pigmented lesions take to be removed ?
In some cases a single treatment can remove 100% of the pigment however this always depends on the depth and size of the lesion and the amount of melanin pigment present etc.